Dua, the Islamic Supplication. What an easy yet powerful worship?!
Making Dua’a is a very special form of worship. It’s when a Muslim raising hands, addressing Allah (SWT), asking for his/her need, and believe that his/her request will be answered, Insha Allah. This is such great evidence of sincerity and monotheism.
The Dua (Islamic Supplication) is one of the best worships. It builds a bridge between us and our creator and brings us closer to Allah (SWT). Also, it acts as obedience to Allah’s Almighty commands when said in the Quran:
Your Lord has proclaimed, “Call upon Me, I will respond to you. Surely those who are too proud to worship Me will enter Hell, fully humbled.”The Holy Quran [40:60]
Since Duaa (Islamic Supplication) is one of the most important Islamic Studies that every Muslim should learn, you’ll get to know in this article:
- What is Dua? (Definition & Meaning)
- Types of Dua (Islamic Supplication)
- Importance and Benefits of Dua’a
- Etiquettes of Making Dua’a
- How to Make Dua Properly
- The Best Dua to Make
Dua (Islamic Supplication) Definition
In Islam, “Duʿāʾ” or “Duaa” literally means appeal or “invocation”, is a prayer of supplication or request to Allah (SWT).
Islamic supplication is the core of worship; It’s based on a conversation with Allah (SWT) and unlike Salah (Daily Prayers), it’s not bonded to a certain time(s) during the day. In this regards, the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
The supplication is the essence of worship.Hadith [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3371]
Du’a is very important in Islam. So that early Muslims took great care to record the supplications of the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to transmit them to subsequent generations.
Although the Islamic supplication and making Dua is not restricted to the prophetic supplications, still, there are certain ways, etiquettes, and types of Du’a in order for your ask/need/thanks to Allah (SWT) to be accepted.
Types of Dua (Islamic Supplication)
There are 2 main types of Dua’a or Supplication:
- Du’a Al-Mas’alah (Du’a of Asking)
- Du’a Al-Ibadah (Du’a of Worship)
1. Du’a Al-Mas’alah (Du’a of Asking)
This type of Dua is when the supplicant asks Allah (SWT) for something. It may be a need or a request to remove some harm or disease.
An example for Du’a Al-Mas’alah (Du’a of Asking):
when a person asks Allah (SWT), “O God! Grant me good in this world, and good in the next life!”
“The invocation of need” is usually accompanied by other forms of worship, particularly those of the heart, such as love, hope, aspiration, reliance, awe, etc.
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2. Du’a Al-Ibadah (Du’a of Worship)
This type of Dua is when the supplicant begins his/her Duaa by thanking Allah (SWT) and mentioning the attributes of Allah Almighty. And beg Allah (SWT) to forgive him/her and waive his/her sins.
An example of Du’a Al-Ibadah (Du’a of Worship):
when a person addressing Allah (SWT), “O God, our Lord, praise be to you. You are the god of the heavens and the earth and everything between them, and praise is to you. You are the light of heavens and earth and what between them. You are right and your sayings, promises are right. And the judgment day is right!”
“The invocation of worship” is a sort of worship in loving Allah (SWT) and appreciating all His unlimited blessings on us.
Importance and Benefits of Dua’a
The Islamic supplication (Dua) has great importance and involves many benefits in this life & hereafter, such as:
- Dua is proof that Allah (SWT) is close to us, hearing our supplication, and answering our needs/requests. As Allah (SWT) says in the Holy Quran:
“And when My bondmen ask you concerning Me, then, surely I am near; I answer the invocation of the invoker when he invokes Me; so let them respond (to) Me, and let them believe in Me so that possibly they would respond right-mindedly.” The Holy Quran [2:186]
- Supplication protects Muslims from arrogance. As Allah (SWT) said: “Surely the ones who wax too proud to do Me worship will soon enter Hell utterly abject.” The Holy Quran [40:60]
- Du’a is the best form of worship; Supplication is an invocation of help from Allah Almighty and an indication of the servant’s need for Allah(SWT). In Duaa, the individual disavows those around him and his strength and resorts to the generosity of God Almighty, His presence, and His power. The prophet Muhammad said: “When you ask (for anything), ask it from Allah, and if you seek help, seek help from Allah.” Hadith [Book 16, Hadith 1515]
- Supplication is the noblest of deeds before Allah (SWT). The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “There is nothing more noble to Allah the Glorified, than supplication.” Hadith [Sunan Ibn Majah 3829]
- Dua (Islamic Supplication) is beloved to Allah (SWT). As the prophet Muhammad said: “Ask Allah of His Bounty. For verily, Allah the Mighty and Sublime, loves to be asked, and the best of worship is awaiting relief.” Hadith [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3571]
- Making Dua purifies the heart and calms the soul. It alleviates worry, removes distress, and stress.
- Dua warding off Allah’s (SWT) anger on us. As the prophet Muhammad said: “Whoever does not call upon Allah, He will be angry with him.” Hadith [Sunan Ibn Majah 3827]
Top Etiquettes & Adab of Making Dua’a
Dua is more likely to be accepted if you follow certain manners. Aiming to help Muslims to get their Dua accepted by Allah (SWT), expert Islamic scholars prepared the following list of Top Etiquettes & Adab of Making Dua’a:
- Faithfulness to Allah.
- To start with thanking Allah and praising Him and then giving salat on the Prophet (PBUH) and ending the Dua with the same.
- To ask Allah by His Names and Attributes.
- Raising One’s Hands.
- Face the Qiblah when making du’a.
- Performing Wudu.
- Trust in Allah and have Yaqeen (certainty) that it will be answered
- Persistence in du’a, not being hasty and abandoning dua’a.
- Presence of the heart in the du’a.
- Say du’a at times of trouble and of pleasure.
- To Cry with the fear of Allah.
- Make Du’a for oneself before making Du’a for others.
- Make du’a in a moderately low voice.
- To Repeat the Du’a three times.
- Do not make dua against oneself, one’s family, wealth and children.
- Acknowledging One’s sins.
- Doing good deeds and asking Allah by one’s good deeds.
- Not to use excessive rhymed prose when making du’a.
- Not to make du’a for prohibited and impossible things.
- To make a Du’a that encompasses most of the needs of Deen and the Dunya.
How to Make Meaning Dua (Infographics)
Learn Dua (Islamic Supplication) Online
Due to the importance of the Islamic supplication for every Muslim in the world, you should learn Dua and teaching it to your kids as well.
The best way to learn how to make Dua properly is by taking online Dua’a (Islamic supplication) classes with native Islamic scholars.
Aya Institute, Online Islamic Institute, has highly-qualified Islamic scholars to help you or your children to learn daily dua (supplication) through one-to-one live classes.
This Dua online course aims to teach all important and daily Duas/Duain (supplications) that a Muslim should know and often recite, in addition to teaching the correct way of making dua (supplication).
At Aya Institute, we believe that the right Islamic and Quranic knowledge should be transmitted in classical Arabic. So that for those who don’t know how to read Arabic, we provide Noorani Qaida Online course for Free as part of our Islamic Supplication comprehensive course.