Tafsir online (Interpretation) in language is: the statement and disclosure of the acceptable and intended meanings, as for the legal terminology; It is a science that searches for an explanation of how to understand the terms of the Holy Qur’an, revealing its connotations, rulings, structures, and meanings, and it is also defined as: a disclosure and statement of the intended meaning of the Qur’anic expression. -, revealed to his Prophet Muhammad – may God bless him and grant him peace -, explain its meanings, extract its rulings and rulings.
The origin of the science of interpretation (tafsir online)
God revealed the Noble Qur’an in the language of the Arabs, and by the methods of speech for which they are known, and there is no word in the Qur’an from a language other than Arabic, even if any word is mentioned from another language.
Rather, it is a matter of consensus, even if any word foreign to Arabic is mentioned; The Prophet – upon him be blessings and peace – explained it to the Companions – may God be pleased with them – as he used to inform and teach them everything related to the Qur’anic verses.
Because the Companions – may God be pleased with them – received the Qur’an on the authority of the Prophet – may God bless him and grant him peace – and reported it to him in all honesty, without adding or decreasing, and it was not for them to understand any of his words, even if there was a difference in the interpretation of the verses between them.
The merit of the interpretation of the Holy Quran
Tafsir online, tafsir science has many virtues, while some of them are explained below:
Understanding the words of God -mighty and majestic-, and knowing what is and what is meant by it, as understanding the Qur’an is the root of many other Islamic sciences. Understand the best, honorable, and greatest blessing of words, which is the word of God – glory and majesty – so preoccupation with the science of interpretation. Preoccupation with the best and greatest speech.
God Almighty has favored the science of interpretation, honored its people, and raised their degrees, so knowledge of the Qur’an is one of the best sciences, as it collects a number of useful sciences. Such as the fundamentals of faith, doctrinal issues, morals, ethics, and behavior, as was mentioned in the stories of the prophets and previous nations.
The indication of how to adhere to God Almighty is a misguidance, because a sit-in is only possible by understanding what God has revealed in the Qur’an and following the guidance and truth stated in it. The science of exegesis was inherited from the Prophet – may blessings and peace be upon him -.
Methods of interpretation of the Qur’an
Scholars have various methods of interpreting (tafsir) the Qur’an.
The first: the analytical interpretation
The analytical interpretation It is the commitment to the sequence of Quranic systems, to the interpretation of a surah of surah and verse by verse, and this is the method that the ancient scholars followed, except for a few of them.
Second: the overall interpretation of Tafsir online
And it takes place by the interpreter’s commitment to the Qur’anic sequence, to interpret a surah of Surah, then to divide the Qur’anic verses into specific topics, so that each topic has a set of verses, so the meanings of the verses are interpreted in a comprehensive manner, the objectives of the surah are explained, and their meanings are clarified.
The third: the comparative interpretation
And it is that the interpreter returns to a group of verses in one surah and in one place, to mention the sayings of the previous commentators, and to balance and compare them, with the exegete’s criticism of the weak ones, and support for the correct one.
Fourth: the objective interpretation
And by relying on one place, then collecting all the verses related to that topic, then interpreting all the verses together, to reach the final verdict on the topic in the Holy Qur’an.
Types and approaches of interpretation of the Qur’an
Interpretation ( Tafsir online ) by tradition is intended and intended: to clarify the meaning of the verse according to other verses of the Noble Qur’an, and the authenticity of the Prophet’s Sunnah clarifying and interpreting verses of the Holy Qur’an, and the sayings of the Companions – may God be pleased with them –
As they are contemporary with revelation, just as they are the people of language and eloquence, and it is not correct to interpret the meaning in it without evidence for it.
Tafsir is prepared with a tradition for the sake of the types of interpretation and the best of them, and many works have been mentioned in tafsir with the texts, the most important of which are: Jami al-Bayan on the interpretation of the verses of the Qur’an, by Muhammad bin Jarir al-Tabari.
The jurisprudential exegesis took care of the verses that dealt with the legal rulings, which are called verses of the rulings. The commentators were interested in explaining the legal rulings that were included in the verse, discussing the aspects of reasoning in the verse, and how the understandings of the jurists differed in their interpretation.
There were many books of jurisprudential exegesis that were classified in each school, the most important of which were: The Book of Interpretation of the Rulings of the Qur’an for the Plaster, the Book of Tafsir al-Jami ‘for the Rulings of the Qur’an by Abu Abdullah al-Qurtubi, and the Book of Ahkam al-Qur’an by Al-Bayhaqi.
Terms of interpretation, which we are obligated to follow in aya institute
The scholars have mentioned several conditions for the interpreter (Tafsir online), which must be fulfilled by one who has worked in the interpretation of the Qur’an. The conditions are:
- Sound doctrine; Because doctrine has a great impact on the soul, it may be the cause of the deviation of texts, the increase or decrease in the transmission of news, and the interpretation of verses in a way that is misled by guidance and truth.
- Being away from passion; Not walking in the pursuit of fulfillment of desires, supporting doctrine and belief, and misleading people with soft and gentle speech.
- Begin to interpret the Qur’an with the Qur’an; As the summary in one place may be detailed in another place, and the abbreviation may also be indicated.
- Searching for interpretation of verses in the Sunnah of the Prophet. As it came to clarify what was mentioned in the Holy Quran.
- Refer to the sayings of the Companions, may God be pleased with them. This is because they witnessed the revelation, and lived through the conditions and facts that took place at the time of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace.
- Familiarity with the Arabic language and its sciences, as it is only possible to understand the Qur’an after knowing the vocabulary of the words, knowing their connotations, and the aspects of parsing and inflection.
- Knowledge of the sciences of the Qur’an; Such as the science of readings, as through it one can learn how to pronounce the Qur’an, and the weighting between the aspects of reading.
- Including: Eltawheed knowledge; Lest a term be interpreted in a way that contradicts what is stated in the right of God Almighty, and from the sciences as well: Knowledge of the fundamentals of interpretation, the transcript and the abrogated, the causes of descent, and others, all included in Tafsir online course that offered by aya institute.