Learn tajwid which defines in language as making a thing good, and refining the reading: that is, it brought it free from bad pronunciation, and Imam Ibn al-Jawzi defined it idiomatically and said: It is “giving the letters their rights, arranging them in their order, returning each letter to its output and origin, appending it to its counterpart, and correcting its pronunciation,” And gentle speech about it in the case of its phrasing and the perfection of its appearance, without extravagance, neither arbitrariness, nor excess, nor exaggeration.
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Aspects to Learn tajwid of the Holy Quran
Learning to recite the Holy Qur’an is based on two aspects, and they are as follows:
the theoretical side:
The theoretical aspect of the science of Tajweed relates to the rulings and rules that scholars have put in place in books that teach rulings on Tajweed. Such as the sections of the mudd and its times, as well as the rulings of the letters in terms of showing, dithering, overturning, concealment, and other rulings and rules that were explained, and talk about them was expanded in the books of Tajweed science.
The practical side:
It is called the applied aspect, and this aspect cannot be controlled by the learner, nor can he master it except by taking the rulings of intonation and sharing it with a reciter who is known for mastering the rulings of intonation of the Noble Qur’an in knowledge and application. Such as the rulings of the rum, the imam, the song, the facilitation, the oral concealment, and the practical side that protects the learner from melody and recitation in reading.
Rulings of Tajweed science
Learn tajwid and rulings on Tajweed are divided into many types, and this is explained in the following:
Rulings on seeking refuge and basmalah:
Seeking refuge is a mustahabb Sunnah, and it is required when reciting the Book of God – the Most High – even though it is not from it, and some of them have argued that it is obligatory, especially at the beginning of the recitation, whether the beginning of the recitation is from the beginning of the surah or from the end.
The evidence is that God said: (فَإِذا قَرَأتَ القُرآنَ فَاستَعِذ بِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيطانِ الرَّجيمِ) “NOW whenever thou happen to read this Qur’an, seek refuge with God from Satan”, the accursed.
As for the basmalah, It is a saying “بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم” In the Name of Allah , the Beneficent , the Merciful It must be read by Imam Hafs at the beginning of every surah except Surat al-Tawbah.
Noon and the provisions of the static Tanween:
There are four rulings for the consonant noon or tanween in the case of raising, accusative, and ablative, which are as follows:
Slurring is defined in the language: as inserting a thing into a thing, as for a terminology: it is the meeting of a consonant with a vowel, so that they become an accentuated letter like the second, and the tongue is raised at one height, and the consonant noun or the tanun is struck after it occurs after one of the following letters: Ya, And the raa, the mim, the lam, the waw, and the noon.
Learn tajwid and Iqlab comes in the language in the sense of diverting something from its face, as for the idiom: it is the heart of the consonant nun or the tanween, taking into account the song, and the ablution has one letter. And it is the Ba’a, and it comes in a word.
The manifestation in the language with the meaning of the statement, as for the idiom: it is the output of the letter from its output without singing, and the letters of the tashur are six, which are: Hamza, Al-Ha, Al-Ain, H, Al-Gin, and Khaa, and they are called the letters of the throat. With the display of the letter that follows them independently of them, as the Almighty says: (One should stop) And there is none like unto Him.
Concealment in language: concealment, as for the idiom: it is pronouncing a consonant non-accented letter, and it has a characteristic between showing and doubling, with the singing remaining in the first letter by two movements, and its letters are: saad, zahal, al-thaa, jim, shin, qaf, and sin, And the kaf, the dhad, the dha, the zai, the tā, the dāl.
Static meme provisions:
The dormant meme has three rulings, which are as follows:
Oral slurring: And it is that the still meme is combined into a meme like it moving at the beginning of the second word, so they become a single, aggravating meme, and it is called oral or analogical compulsion, while taking into account the full pronunciation of the song.
Oral concealment: It is to conceal the meme if it occurs at the beginning of the word that follows the letter Ba.
Oral presentation: It is the display of the meme if any letter of the spelling occurs after it, except for the meme and the ba, and it is more pronounced with the waw and fa.
Aggravating provisions of the meme and the noon:
Learn tajwid, Ghannah is obligatory in the aggravating meme and noun in the case of connection and endowment, and whether it falls in the middle or at the end of the word, and the amount of song is two movements.
It is the introduction of a consonant letter with a vowel after it, by deleting the consonant and tightening the vowel, and it is divided into three types, which are as follows:
It is that the two successive letters are united in the way out of the mouth, and are united in the adjective as well, whether they are signed in one word or in two consecutive words.
Inclusion of congeners:
It is that the two successive letters are united in the way out of the mouth, and differ in some qualities, and that is limited to seven letters, which are: Ta with Ta, Taa with Ta, Dal with Ta, Ta with Dal, Dhal with D, and Ba with M.
Slurring of proximity:
It is the convergence of the two successive letters in the exit and the adjective, and it is limited to two letters, namely: the lam with the ra and the qaf with the kef
Rulings on glowing and laminating:
Learn tajwid, Tafkhim in language is fattening and thickening, and idiomatically: it is a state of strength and fatness that joins the letter when pronouncing it, and the mouth fills with its echo, as for thinning in the language it is slimming (tarquiq)
Idiomatically: a state of tenderness and thinness attached to the letter when pronouncing it, so that the mouth does not fill with its echo.
Rulings of letter exits and their attributes:
The number of letter exits is seventeen, and the origins of the exits go back to five main exits, which are: the jaw, the throat, the tongue, the lips, and the nostrils. And loudness, looseness, and severity, between looseness and severity, elongation, superiority, openness, clenching, gnawing, stigma, whistling, upset, tide, softness, elongation, deviation, outbreaks, and repetition.
The remainder of the Tajweed will be listed the lessons of Tajweed education provided by the Aya Institute to, so, you will be able to Learn tajwid easly.