Tafsir definition , the concept of tafsir is one of the most important means and methods that explain the different sciences. It is the simplification of approaches that seem complex, the explanation of the brief phrases, the reasoning for the reasons, and the clarification of the results in a statement that is easy to understand, and the interpretation has its tools, rules and principles that differ according to the nature of the material being interpreted, and the method followed, and it has many meanings and definitions, which we will talk about in this article.
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What is the Tafsir definition in language?
explanation, clarification, explanation, disclosure, and it is said: explain something, that is, explain it or explain the reason for its occurrence, uncover the places of ambiguity in it, and interpret the Qur’an meaning: explain the meaning of its verses, the reason for their revelation, and their subject, and explain the scientific phenomenon that is: presented for the public and those interested in the reason for its occurrence. Interpretation is a convention.
It is the disclosure of the inner meaning and the facts that are not apparent in a matter or a specific science, and through interpretation these facts are described, their causes, what is behind them, and everything related to them are explained, and this science is distinguished by its handling, discussion of all the details, and presenting them in an accurate manner that achieves the correct understanding of the material Interpretation, and eliminates all false facts about a scientific, behavioral, educational, or religious content phenomenon, and each field covered by the interpretation has specific rules and regulations set by those in charge of the interpretation, the nature of the interpreted material, and the circumstances that created this material.
Tafsir definition among scholars
Interpretation among scholars of jurisprudence (fiqh) and religion is the science through which the verses of the Noble Qur’an are understood, their implications are known, and legal rulings are derived from them. It is a comprehensive comprehensive knowledge that does not stop at the explanation, but rather deals with all the rationale of the surahs, the verses, the reason for their revelation, in which people or place they were said, and what is the lesson that can be taken from it, and the interpretation of the Noble Qur’an closes the doors to any debate about the meaning and explanation of a particular verse And resolve its matter; There is no room for doubt or interpretation without jurisprudential knowledge or knowledge.
Imam Al-Zarkashi defined interpretation as the knowledge through which the Noble Qur’an is understood, and its meanings are clear, and through it the Muslim can learn the legal rulings that define his religious duty, and it is also inferred by the wisdom that God surrounds in his pure words, and Imam al-Zarkashi demonstrates that the above is done using knowledge In the science of Arabic linguistics, the fundamentals of jurisprudence (fiqh), knowledge of the causes of revelation, and among the scholars are those who see that the science of exegesis is the science that includes knowledge of the words of the Holy Qur’an in terms of controlling them, how they are performed, and the occasion of their revelation.
The importance of Tafsir definition science
The Holy Qur’an is the most important source of legislation for Muslims, and it is a reference for scholars and jurists, and it collects all religious and life knowledge, so how can this reference be understood and applied the rulings contained in it, and the stories of the prophets and righteous people that the surah talks about are known without knowledge of interpretation. Understanding must be interpreted, just as the interpretation pushes the Muslim towards contemplation and contemplation of Allah’s creation.
On the importance of interpretation in general, Ibn Sina, a scientist and physician, says that he read Aristotle’s Metaphysics book forty times until he memorized it, without being able to understand it. Until he got the explanation of the book by Abu Nasr Al-Farabi; So, the objectives of this book and the purpose that it came to be clarified for him, and thus another very important thing becomes clear to us, which is that the interpretation does not only help in understanding the facts for those who have little knowledge.
Tafsir definition of the Qur’an
While talking about Tafsir definition, we have to mention that tafsir science is one of the most important sciences that reach a person to understand the Holy Qur’an, and interpretation in language means explaining and detailing books, and explaining something means explaining and clarifying it. So it carries the meaning of disclosure and clarification, and the interpretation of the Qur’an in Sharia convention means clarifying its meanings and expressions. It is a science that guides the understanding of the words of God – the Glory and the Exalted – revealed to Muhammad – may God bless him and grant him peace – and clarifies its meanings, and helps to extract his rulings and wisdom. It is a science that originated for him from the science of linguistics, syntax and morphology, the science of statement and the fundamentals of jurisprudence (fiqh), and the Qur’anic readings, and what helps in that is knowledge of the causes of revelation, the transcript and the abrogated.
How to learn Tafsir definition online?
The one who wants to study the science of exegesis and delves into it needs to turn to specialized scholars who have a long history of interpretation in knowledge and education, as it is not enough for the seeker of knowledge to read and listen only a lot, but he needs a systematic systematic plan to follow. Like other Sharia sciences. So he goes to the points of knowledge and takes it from his people who own his keys, then he becomes rich in the science of interpretation by listening to scholars and specialized reading. The disciple to learn the interpretation of the Noble Qur’an progresses through a number of levels until he master this knowledge, and these levels are explained as follows:
level one of Tafsir definition
This level includes firstly learning to read and mastering the Noble Qur’an, then developing the linguistic outcome by learning the grammar of the Arabic language in grammar and morphology, the ability to understand the readable speech and derive the required benefit from it, and then move on to the stage of memorizing the meanings of the vocabulary from any dictionary of the meanings of the Qur’an, then reading a book introductions Interpretation; As an introduction to the interpretation of Sheikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah.
The Second Level of Tafsir
This is after completing the first level; At the second level, the student moves to reading and studying books written in the sciences of the Qur’an. Such as a book “Investigations in the Sciences of the Qur’an” by Dr. Manna Al-Qattan, then studying the curricula of the commentators from the book of Tafsir definition and the commentators by Dr. Muhammad Hussein Al-Dhahabi, then studying the rhetoric from the books of rhetoric. Such as the book of clear rhetoric, studying grammar from one of his easy books such as the book of clear grammar, studying morphology, then reading in books of interpretation; Such as Kitab Al-Facilitation of the Science of Download by Ibn Jouzi, and with it other books such as the Book of Vocabulary of Words of the Qur’an by Al-Ragheb Al-Isfahani, and The Dictionary of Language Standards by Ibn Faris.
The third level of Tafsir
The learner begins at this level with expansion and diligence, and begins by collecting the sayings of the commentators and comparing and weighing them. It begins with an extensive reading and study of books written in the sciences of the Qur’an. As a book, Manahel Al Irfan by Al-Zarqani, Itqan Al-Burhan by Dr. Fadl Abbas, and in parallel with that the study of the rules of interpretation and weighting; He can study the book of rules of interpretation by Dr. Khaled Al-Sabt, and reading in the books of the miracles of the Qur’an as well. Such as the book of explanation in the miracles of the Qur’an by Dr. Salah al-Khalidi, and books of objective interpretation, mastery of language expressions, grammar, and rhetoric, and it is possible to use a book of graphic touches by Dr. Fadel al-Samarrai, mastery of the science of meanings, knowledge of the science of readings, comparison between them and their control.
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